San Pedro River

work in progress…

This is a collection of notes regarding water rights, water security, conservation, etc. related to the San Pedro River as a supplement to “The Resolution Copper Land Grab: How Environmental NGOs Expand Green Capitalism.”

The San Pedro River situation is complex. Fort Huachuca’s water usage has impacted the river and conservation responses. The Resolution Copper land exchange arranged by John McCain involved land parcels along the San Pedro. There are a couple large housing developments being planned within the basin running up against opposition because of their potential use of water. The federal government is working to get their water rights adjudicated, which will likely affect these housing developments.

See also the page on the Verde River for coverage of similar issues: water rights, TNC involvement, etc.

Resolution/Huachuca Timeline

1999 Global Mining Initiative (GMI) founded (under impetus of Rio Tinto chairman) Source

2000 Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development report

2001 Rio Tinto/Birdlife partnership

2001 International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) founded

2001 Lawsuit against Ft. Huachuca by Center for Biological Diversity and Maricopa Audubon

2002 Johannesburg World Summit

2002 Partnership between ICMM and IUCN (IUCN backpedaled- “Mining Capitalism”)

2002 launch of Sustainable Rivers Project (The Nature Conservancy and Army Corps of Engineers)

2002 “the court similarly rejected the Fort’s plan after a lawsuit by the Center and Maricopa Audubon” against Ft. Huachuca

2002 “federal court… ruled that a planned expansion of Fort Huachuca was dewatering the San Pedro River and jeopardizing… several endangered species”

2002 Resolution Copper bought BHP Billiton land along San Pedro (source) not 7B till 2007

2003 Rio Tinto’s David Richards participates in IUCN/ICMM event “Mining, Protected Areas and Biodiversity Conservation”

2003 Resolution Copper Project and Land Exchange EIS San Pedro River, Westland Resources

2003 Rio Tinto/Resolution Copper starts funding Audubon Society

2003 IUCN/ICMM joint meeting

2003 Renzi/McCain legislative rider to benefit Ft. Huachuca

2003 Sierra Vista and Fort Huachuca-led Upper San Pedro Partnership promised “to eliminate deficit groundwater pumping by 2011.”

2005 “lawsuit against the Veterans Administration, the Federal Housing Administration, and the Small Business Administration for failing to examine the environmental impact of developments relying on water from the San Pedro”

2005 “lawsuit against Fort Huachuca, the Department of Defense, and the Fish and Wildlife Service for approving rapid expansions of Fort Huachuca”

2005 Resolution Copper began lobbying for a land exchange in Arizona

2005 “Renzi told Resolution in 2005 that his support for the land swap would hinge in part on whether it helped fulfill a goal to cut water consumption along the San Pedro River” to support Ft Huachuca’s efforts (after Renzi was approached by Western Land Group, Resolution consultant)

2005 Renzi pushed for Resolution’s (then other company’s) purchase of friend’s alfalfa field for “national security”/Ft Huachuca

2005 Renzi listed the 7B ranch as part of the land exchange

2005 (Rio Tinto’s website states that “Since acquiring the land, Resolution Copper has worked to conserve the land and its native habitat. In 2005, the company contracted The Nature Conservancy to manage 7B Ranch.”)

2006 SRP donation to TNC $100,000

2006 Rio Tinto purchasing and banking of CAP water begins

2006 Land exchange legislation does not pass

2006 Two survey efforts were organized by the Audubon Society, 7B Ranch

2006-2007 Important Birds Area nomination and acceptance of the Lower San Pedro River

2007 Ft. Huachuca/TNC partnership to broker some of the easements in the area

2007 Resolution purchased 7B Ranch from BHP Billiton for land exchange

2007 Resolution Copper agreed to pay The Nature Conservancy $45,000 a year to manage 7B Ranch

2007 Resolution donation to Sonoran Institute

2007 Fort Huachuca began working with the Conservancy to broker some of the easements in the area

2008 Rio Tinto’s Marcelle Shoop panel on “Using Markets and Other Institutional Structures to Incorporate Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Opportunities and Challenges”

2008 Resolution donation to Sonoran Institute

2008 The Cochise Water Project (TCWP), a private non-profit organization, has requested membership in the Upper San Pedro Partnership. (Source)

2008 “lawsuit against Pinal County to stop ongoing ecological damage to the Bureau of Land Management’s lower San Pedro River conservation area after the agency began illegally dredging and filling in the river.” settled 2010

2010 Castle & Cooke (Coffman) built a housing development for Fort Huachuca

2011 hydrology study by the Center shows that well-water levels are already declining near the river at the Fort’s eastern border.

2011 Walton Family Foundation in 2011 awarded an $800,000 grant to the Cochise Community Foundation to form the Cochise Water Project

2013 Land Exchange legislation does not pass

2014 McCain sneaks exchange into defense bill

Ecosystem services valuation

A Conference on Ecosystem Services (ACES) 2008

2005 Economic Tradeoffs in Preserving Riparian Habitat. Bonnie Colby, Patricia Orr

2010 Assessment of Goods and Valuation of Ecosystem Services (AGAVES), San Pedro River Basin, U.S./Mexico. Goodrich, D. C., D. J. Semmens, N. G. TALLENT-HALSELL, AND W. G. KEPNER. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/F-10/015.

2014 Development of a Shared Vision for Groundwater Management to Protect and Sustain Baseflows of the Upper San Pedro River, Arizona, USA Richter, H.E.; Gungle, B.; Lacher, L.J.; Turner, D.S.; Bushman, B.M., Water 2014, 6, 2519-2538.

Rio Tinto

http://www.riotinto.com/documents/ReportsPublications/RTandWater.pdf

http://www.riotinto.com/sustainabledevelopment2011/environment/water.html

http://www.riotinto.com/sustainabledevelopment2011/environment/ecosystems_services.html

Marcelle Shoop Principal Advisor, Sustainable Development & Climate Change, Communications & External Relations Part of a panel in 2008 on”“Using Markets and Other Institutional Structures to Incorporate Ecosystem Services in Decision Making: Opportunities and Challenges”” http://conference.ifas.ufl.edu/aces08/presentations.html

BHP Billiton

2013 Nature Conservancy/Conservation International, carbon credits http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/southamerica/chile/explore/new-agreement-to-protect-the-valdivian-forest.xml

2011 alliance with Conservation International http://www.conservation.org/partners/Pages/bhp-billiton.aspx

Polsinelli law firm since 2010

Water Rights

Litigation to the water rights of the San Pedro began in 1975.

“Cochise County residents, especially those with wells installed after 1988 who live near the San Pedro River, have good reasons to support the efforts of the local government in drawing the line on federal water rights.”

Water rights case has huge consequences | Opinion | bensonnews-sun.com

“If the DOJ is successful here, the BLM said four years ago at an Upper San Pedro Partnership meeting that if they get their federal reserved water rights they will begin shutting down any residential wells installed since 1988,” Call said.

Fort Huachuca will be the first federal agency to have its request for about 7,600 acre feet in the subwatershed decided by the state court, Call said.

The BLM case would be next in line, with the federal agency seeking more than 44,000 acre feet in water rights…“The real impact will be on all the land that is outside of the SPRNCA (San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area),” Breedlove said. “Because of the volume of water rights being requested by the BLM, there may not be enough water available to sell and develop state-owned properties in the area.”

Call said the San Pedro case is the first that will be decided in the Gila River adjudication…Mining companies in the state, including Freeport McMoRan, have joined the state case in opposing the BLM request. The Salt River Project — which provides water to most of the Phoenix area — supports the federal government rights request. The SRP is a federal reclamation project, which awards federal water rights to the agency.

“The SRP wants the federal government to get the water rights it wants, because that decision would help them secure the water rights in the northern part of the state like the Verde area,” Call said.

Call said an attorney has been retained by the City of Sierra Vista, Pueblo del Sol and the Liberty Water Company to join in contesting the BLM’s water rights request. Call, who is the former Executive Director of the Cochise Water Project, said Cochise County Supervisors may consider sharing in the legal costs to oppose the federal agency’s request.

“We have the long-term solution that will save the San Pedro,” Call said. “Whether the BLM will consider that solution is another issue.”

He pointed to the network of aquifer recharge projects that county supervisors, The Nature Conservancy, The Hereford Natural Resource Conservation District, Sierra Vista, Walton Family Foundation and the Cochise Conservation and Recharge Network have developed along the San Pedro.

Federal water rights threaten local wells | Free Access | svherald.com

“SRP wants the federal government to get the water rights it wants, because that decision would help them secure the water rights in the northern part of the state like the Verde area” (Source).

Water rights adjudication involving SRP, ASARCO, GRIC https://repository.asu.edu/attachments/56576/content/Killoren_asu_0010E_10599.pdf

County gets active on federal water rights |  svherald.com March 2017

Housing Developments

The development would use about the same amount that Fort Huachuca has given up. http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-water/2016/04/01/water-advocates-bill-passed-arizona-senate-house-threatens-san-pedro-river/82485428/

Castle & Cooke Tribute/Pueblo del Sol

  • The development that is planned, called Tribute, is owned by Castle & Cooke, who also own Dole Foods.
  • They also own the water company (Pueblo Del Sol Water Co) that would supply water to the development.
  • Would some of the conservation efforts along the San Pedro actually help sell the idea that there is enough water for the Tribute development?
  • Castle & Cooke (Coffman) built a housing development for Fort Huachuca in 2010
  • Rick Coffman, Vice President of Castle & Cooke Arizona is on the Fort Huachuca 50 Board of Directors and a board member of the Cochise Water Project (CWP).
  • Coffman has been on the board of the Cochise Water Project since at least 2012
  • The Cochise Water Project got $500,000 grants in 2013, 2014 from the Walton Family Foundation (WFF)
  • CWP has TNC liaison
  • TNC purchased 1811 acre parcel of land with Army Compatible Use Buffer Funds to mitigate development’s impact
  • 2011 WFF donated to Arizona Community Foundation to Cochise Community Foundation to form Cochise Water Project.
  • Cochise County Supervisor Pat Call is the former executive director of the CWP
  • WFF donated to Cochise County over the last few years
  • A construction project funded by TNC, the army, and Cochise County (through Walton FF) will attempt to catch summer monsoon rain and filter it into the aquifer for San Pedro river restoration (2014)
  • Fort Huachuca, the WFF, the Upper San Pedro Partnership and The Nature Conservancy — are working with the county Flood Plain district to develop three more recharge projects along the San Pedro River. The effort is aimed at capturing surface water and channeling it into the aquifer (2015)
  • “Tribute will recycle water and seek to recharge the aquifer with holding ponds to capture urban runoff. A major component of the conservation plan is the use of recycled water on Pueblo del Sol Golf Course, which currently pumps groundwater.”
  • Resnick (ties to “conservation”, WFF) bought some Dole land
  • TNC supported the Bay Delta Conservation Plan to build the peripheral tunnels that Resnick supports
  • Castle & Cooke may have hired BSR to study San Pedro watershed, but it might’ve actually been Rio Tinto.

November, 2016: Court ruling provides Castle & Cooke ‘a path forward’ | Local News Stories | willcoxrangenews.com

March, 2017: House development challenges Benson, San Pedro River | Arizona Sonora News Service

March, 2017: Cascabel rejects development | Arizona Sonora News Service

“Pueblo del Sol has been claiming that its new Tribute development is going to recharge reclaimed water back into the aquifer to mitigate impacts. However, on Nov. 29, 2012, Castle & Cooke Vice President Richard Coffman testified under oath that “most” of Tribute’s reclaimed water will be used “for watering the landscaping within the subdivision” instead of being used to protect the aquifer and San Pedro River.” https://www.biologicaldiversity.org/news/press_releases/2013/san-pedro-river-12-19-2013.html

Tribute/Huachuca relationships

“The 6,000-home Tribute development has caused a lot of hand-wringing and worrying, as it should, when it comes to the increase of pumping from the declining aquifer within the Sierra Vista subwatershed.

To try to help mitigate the impact this development will have on the aquifer over the next 10 to 20 years, The Nature Conservancy (TNC) has quietly negotiated the purchase of an 1,811-acre tract of land…”The parcel was purchased with Army Compatible Use Buffer Funds,” noted Richter. “This fund has been a wonderful ally in allowing us to acquire key lands for conservation along the river and this (parcel) is a really important one … It’s in a very key location because of its hydrology. That was one of the things that really attracted us to the conservation of this parcel.”

http://www.svherald.com/news/nature-conservancy-purchase-may-mitigate-tribute-impact/article_1fcc1e5d-6d4e-55cd-a0a5-311bfc29d48c.html

The development would use about the same amount that Fort Huachuca has given up. http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-water/2016/04/01/water-advocates-bill-passed-arizona-senate-house-threatens-san-pedro-river/82485428/

Working with community members involved in the conservation and preservation of the San Pedro River, the Walton Family Foundation in 2011 awarded an $800,000 grant to the Cochise Community Foundation, an ACF Affiliate, to serve as the fiscal sponsor to form a new nonprofit, the Cochise Water Project.

This two-year grant provides funds to establish the new tax-exempt organization, covers project costs for the first two years and supports the public campaign, Be Water Smart!, involving the city of Sierra Vista, business and civic groups, including Fort Huachuca, the area’s major employer. https://www.azfoundation.org/initiativesimpact/environmentsustainability/cochisewaterproject.aspx

Funders of Cochise Water Project: WFF, Castle & Cooke AZ, Horizon Moving, Upper San Pedro Partnership, Fort Huachuca, The Huachuca 50, Rutherford Diversified Industries, SSVEC, local electrical cooperative, City of Sierra Vista https://wrrc.arizona.edu/sites/wrrc.arizona.edu/files/TCWP-overview%20.pdf

Vigneto

Owned by El Dorado Holdings

“Federal wildlife officials are pushing back against the Army Corps of Engineers’ determination that restoration work related to a 28,000-home development in Benson is unlikely to affect protected species.

…the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service disagreed with the Corps’ conclusion about unlikely environmental impacts, which was based on a biological evaluation of a “mitigation parcel” outside the bounds of the Villages at Vigneto development.

But the wildlife service also emphasized that it would not move forward in consulting with the Corps about the mitigation parcel unless the entire 12,300-acre Vigneto development was included in the discussion.

The mitigation parcel is part of developers’ plan to offset unavoidable impacts at the Vigneto site. The off-site 144-acre parcel will undergo restoration such as weed removal, planting of native species and erosion control.

In its letter, the wildlife service said the mitigation parcel and the development itself are “interrelated actions” that must be evaluated together.

That’s a crucial point for environmentalists who have long argued the Corps should evaluate the proposed master planned community as a whole, rather than in a piecemeal way that could understate the project’s effects on critical habitats and protected species that rely on them in the San Pedro Valley…

The [Tucson (and Maricopa)] Audubon Society is among six environmental groups that filed a lawsuit in May arguing the Corps would be violating the Endangered Species Act if it failed to consult with the wildlife service about a project that could harm threatened species…

The wildlife service cannot force the Army Corps to comply with its request to consult on the entire Vigneto project but if the Corps doesn’t comply, environmentalists can use the Corps’ decision to bolster their argument that the Corps is in violation of the Endangered Species Act, he said…

Days after the City Council’s approval, the Corps revoked a crucial permit for Vigneto, in a victory for environmentalists who had argued that the decade-old Clean Water Act permit was no longer relevant. The permit was originally approved for a smaller, canceled project called Whetstone Ranch. In 2014, Whetstone’s developers transferred their permit to Vigneto’s developers, El Dorado Holdings.

But the 12,300-acre Vigneto footprint is 4,000 acres bigger than Whetstone’s. Developers had argued the additional acreage could obtain permits separately…

In its recent letter, the wildlife service said it would not initiate consultation until the Corps did a full biological assessment of the entire development — not just the originally permitted 8,200 acres — and the mitigation parcel, including analysis of direct and indirect effects.

That includes considering the impact of Vigneto’s groundwater pumping, the letter said.

“Such a displacement of groundwater from the aquifer is likely to reduce flow in the San Pedro River, in reaches designated as critical habitat for the Southwestern willow flycatcher and proposed as critical habitat for the yellow-billed cuckoo and Mexican gartersnake,” the letter said.”  Assess Vigneto comprehensively, wildlife service tells Army Corps | Local news | tucson.com

Vigneto Vigneto permit review could further delay project | Local News Stories | bensonnews-sun.com

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:s6koAurukPIJ:az.audubon.org/sites/g/files/amh631/f/static_pages/attachments/tas_comments_bpazc_villages_at_vigneto_dec2015.pdf+&cd=10&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us

Villages at Vigneto expresses frustration with media | Local News Stories | willcoxrangenews.com

Fort Huachuca

This is the second rejection of an inadequate and illegal plan to protect the San Pedro River. In 2002, the court similarly rejected the Fort’s plan after a lawsuit by the Center and Maricopa Audubon. Another plan was withdrawn by the Army in 2006 during an ongoing lawsuit also brought by the Center and Maricopa Audubon. Earthjustice provided the legal services in both of these cases, as well as the current case…In 2003, the city of Sierra Vista and Fort Huachuca-led Upper San Pedro Partnership promised “to eliminate deficit groundwater pumping by 2011.” Based on this promise, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) supported a congressional legislative rider by former Rep. Rick Renzi (R-Ariz.) to shield Fort Huachuca from full responsibility for its negative impacts on the San Pedro and to protect the Fort in the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure round. But even with this legislative shield, the Fort has not come up with a defensible plan to protect the San Pedro from the massive local groundwater pumping upon which the Fort depends. http://earthjustice.org/news/press/2011/court-rejects-fort-huachuca-s-groundwater-pumping-plan

“Interested in preserving land around its training operations, Fort Huachuca has provided funding for conservation easements to create buffer zones around its installation and to provide for open space…. Fort Huachuca began working with the Conservancy in 2007 to broker some of the easements in the area. Funds from the Army Compatible Use Buffer program as well as the Bureau of Land Management, the Arizona Military Installation Fund, and private donors have paid for conservation easements covering about 31,000 acres in the Babacomari and nearby grasslands. Another 30,000 acres of easements are in the works.”

http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/arizona/the-babocomari-river.xml

Fort Huachuca’s Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) lists TNC acquisition of conservation easements at FY2000 http://www.denix.osd.mil/awards/fy02secdef/nrcli/u-s-army-intelligence-center-and-fort-huachuca-arizona/

“The Conservancy purchased—on behalf of a local partnership that includes Cochise County and the U.S. Army’s Fort Huachuca—three properties with the highest potential for benefiting the low-water stretches of the upper San Pedro. At these sites, the partnership will develop basins and other structures that will absorb water into the underground aquifer, slowly releasing it into the river. http://www.nature.org/ourinitiatives/regions/northamerica/unitedstates/arizona/arizona-2013-annual-report.pdf

Fort Huachuca greenwashing  http://votesmart.org/public-statement/863640/statement-by-senator-john-mccain-on-fort-huachuca-biological-opinion

Anything to do with resolution land swap? Development?

https://arizonadailyindependent.com/2014/10/20/mccain-nature-conservancy-join-to-defend-fort-huachuca/

Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Walton, Bonneville, etc. purchased conservation easements http://www.repi.mil/Portals/44/Documents/Current%20Year%20Fact%20Sheets/FortHuachuca.pdf

“Fort Huachuca has cut its own pumping by two-thirds and spent millions of dollars helping groups such as the Nature Conservancy recharge water into the aquifer whose springs sustain the river.” http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-water/2016/04/01/water-advocates-bill-passed-arizona-senate-house-threatens-san-pedro-river/82485428/

2014 “This year, a construction project with backing from [TNC], the U.S. Army and Cochise County will attempt to catch summer monsoon rain and filter it into the aquifer to try to preserve and improve the river’s flow.

‘All four projects are occurring in large part because of $10 million in funding from the Department of Defense, whose Fort Huachuca has been a major user of the aquifer that feeds the San Pedro. The money has allowed the Nature Conservancy to buy 5,500 acres spread across the four recharge sites.

At the Palominas storm-water basin, the group spent $770,000 to buy a farm out of bankruptcy, then sold it to the county for $65,000.

Of the $770,000, $457,000 was from the Army and $313,000 was raised from a private foundation. The county, according to Donovan, is spending over $1 million from a Walton Family Foundation grant for construction.” http://www.azcentral.com/story/travel/2014/04/16/help-embattled-san-pedro-river/7765741/

2015 Mutual Benefit: Preserving Arizona s Military Mission and the Value of Publicly-Owned Lands: Sonoran Institute (Fort Huachuca) http://docplayer.net/16473883-Mutual-benefit-preserving-arizona-s-military-mission-and-the-value-of-publicly-owned-lands.html

Riggs said a partnership of agencies — Fort Huachuca, the Walton Family, the Upper San Pedro Partnership and The Nature Conservancy — are working with the county Flood Plain district to develop three more recharge projects along the San Pedro River. The effort is aimed at capturing surface water and channeling it into the aquifer. http://www.willcoxrangenews.com/news/article_dea21a98-ae63-11e5-9c02-6b2206681782.html dec 2015

“The Defense Authorization Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-136, Section 321 (Section 321) set goals and an end date of 2011 for achieving, by various means, a sustainable level of groundwater use from the Subwatershed. In addition, Section 321 alters the way the Endangered Species Act applies to Fort Huachuca and specifies the Upper San Pedro Partnership (Partnership) as the regional cooperative organization responsible for recommending policies and projects to mitigate water-use impacts in the Subwatershed…

The collective goal of the Partnership is to ensure an adequate supply of water to meet the reasonable needs of Subwatershed residents while protecting the resources of the San Pedro River.”

Castle & Cooke (Coffman) built a housing development for Fort Huachuca in 2010

The development would use about the same amount that Fort Huachuca has given up. http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-water/2016/04/01/water-advocates-bill-passed-arizona-senate-house-threatens-san-pedro-river/82485428/

“The NDAA also includes a provision that would provide federal recognition of the Cochise Conservation Recharge Network (CCRN), a project by the City of Sierra Vista, Arizona, and Cochise County that will harvest tens of thousands of gallons of rainwater every year and use it to recharge nearby underground aquifers that support flows in the San Pedro River. Today, the San Pedro River, one of the last free-flowing rivers of the southwest, is threatened by drought and excessive groundwater pumping. The NDAA provision would authorize the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Interior to enter into agreements in support of the CCRN project.” National Defense Act Includes AZ Priorities

Renzi Corruption

“A former U.S. Congressman and a real-estate investor were convicted… of conspiring together to extort and bribe individuals seeking a federal land exchange…”

Resolution Copper did not buy this land due to the high price, but the land was sold to someone else.

“Mr. Renzi told Resolution in 2005 that his support for the land swap would hinge in part on whether it helped fulfill a goal to cut water consumption along the San Pedro River, which slices through the desert far from the mining area, in southern Arizona, participants in the deal say. Fort Huachuca, a big U.S. Army base nearby, was under court order to cut water consumption, and it had been seeking help to retire farmland near the river. Mr. Renzi has longstanding ties to the base, the economic engine of the area. He grew up near it, and his father, retired U.S. Army Gen. Eugene Renzi, is its former commandant, now employed by one of its largest contractors, ManTech Corp.

Resolution proposed buying and handing over to the government thousands of acres of bird and wildlife habitat along the banks of the San Pedro, which would further the water-conservation goal.

In early 2005, however, Resolution balked at buying the 480-acre alfalfa field owned by Mr. Renzi’s business partner, James Sandlin. Mr. Renzi then turned to another investment group, called the Petrified Forest group, that was looking to put together a unrelated land swap. That group, which included Bruce Babbitt, the former governor, agreed that April to buy the patch of farmland for nearly $4 million, says Philip Aries, a land-swap expert that was part of the group.

“Congressman Renzi told me that the purchase of the Sandlin parcel was a matter of national security, and that it was key to ensuring the viability of Fort Huachuca,” Mr. Aries says. “He said that if we were to buy it before” upcoming hearings about the possible closure of the base, “he would give our swap priority — a ‘free pass,’ he said, would be sure to get through the Natural Resources Committee,” thereby ensuring its approval.

Mr. Aries says that after his group’s purchase of the alfalfa field went through in 2005, Resolution complained that the Petrified Forest group had gotten priority treatment, and Mr. Renzi dropped his support for that group’s land swap.

April 21, 2007 http://online.wsj.com/public/article/SB117708053389976977-ZfUYklq93Wha46ATbcHf_vwEHHk_20070428.html?mod=blogs

Renzi listed the 7B ranch as part of the land exchange in 2005. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2005-05-25/pdf/CREC-2005-05-25-pt1-PgE1093.pdf

Hegner testified on Wednesday that Renzi was approached as the possible congressional backer for a swap. When Renzi was asked what private properties should be offered to the U.S. government in trade for the mining land, he suggested a 640-acre parcel along the San Pedro River near Sierra Vista.

Hegner said Renzi explained that hay-field irrigation was sucking huge volumes of groundwater, threatening the river. He said Renzi also emphasized that the future of nearby Fort Huachuca, a major water user, was in jeopardy because of looming environmental lawsuits.

Hegner said Resolution began negotiating with Sandlin, unaware that the real-estate developer was Renzi’s former business partner and still owed the congressman hundreds of thousands of dollars.

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/politics/2013/05/16/rick-renzi-congressman-corruption-trial/2166243/

Sonoran Institute

Supported by Resolution copper 2007, 2008

https://sonoraninstitute.org/files/pdf/westword-spring-2007-04152007.pdf

https://sonoraninstitute.org/files/pdf/westword-summer-2008-06152008.pdf

Dave Richins worked for Sonoran Institute, then Resolution Copper. New Times reports that he’d been doing work for RCM for a while prior to employment. http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/a-copper-mine-near-superior-and-oak-flat-campground-is-set-to-destroy-a-unique-sacred-recreation-area-for-fleeting-benefits-7287269

Resources for the Future

2015: SRP gave $25,000 or more to RFF in 2015!!!

2014: SRP gave $25,000 or more (also Rio Tinto)

2013: SRP gave $25,000 or more (gordon and betty moore)

(2013: Richard M. Hayslip Trustee of The Nature Conservancy Arizona)

2010: SRP supported RFF’s The Center for Climate and Electricity Policy

2007: SRP and Rio Tinto Council Members

2006: Council member: Richard M. Hayslip Assistant General Manager, The Salt River Project

(with Rio Tinto)

2005 SRP gave <$25,000 (Rio Tinto was council member)

2006: Multiple board members from Goldman Sachs, member from Nicholas/Duke (Norman L. Christensen Jr.), member from Yale (Daniel C. Esty), member from EDF, and member from WWF, and World Bank Group,

2008: Mark Tercek- Nature Conservancy/Goldman Sachs, Rio Tinto

Funded by Walton Family Foundation 2011, 2012, maybe other years

Colby, B. G., & Jacobs, K. L. (2007). Arizona water policy: Management innovations in an urbanizing, arid region. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.

2004-5 CATHERINE G.ABBOTT, TNC Board Member: Resources for the Future.

Upper San Pedro Partnership

The Following Agencies and Organizations are Members of the Upper San Pedro Partnership:

Arizona Department of Environmental Quality

Arizona Department of Water Resources

Arizona State Land Department

Audubon Arizona

City of Bisbee

City of Sierra Vista

City of Tombstone

Cochise County

Cochise Water Project, The

Fort Huachuca

Friends of the San Pedro River

National Park Service

NRCD (Natural Resource Conservation District)

Nature Conservancy, The

Southeast AZ Association of Realtors

Town of Huachuca City

US Bureau of Land Management

US Bureau of Reclamation

US Fish and Wildlife Service

US Geological Survey

USDA Agricultural Research Service

ASARCO/Grupo Mexico Spill

ASARCO/Grupo Mexico San Pedro spill http://prospect.org/article/when-river-turned-yellow

TNC/ASARCO/San Pedro conservation relationship: http://www.azwater.gov/Adjudications/documents/SPRNCADisclosureStatements/ASARCO1stSupplementalDisclosure/ASARCO%20Exhibit%201.XLS
TNC map of San Pedro. 2010: http://www.cascabelworkinggroup.org/downloads/SPRVConservationWork_Spring2010.pdf

2002 launch of Sustainable Rivers Project (The Nature Conservancy and Army Corps of Engineers) a partnership to restore and preserve rivers across the country… work together to improve dam management in order to protect the ecological health of rivers and surrounding natural areas while continuing to provide services such as flood control and power generation. Including Bill Williams river, AZ http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/Portals/70/docs/sustainablerivers/Eco_Flows_for_Bill_Williams-Oct%202005.pdf
Plan to fund Bella Vista recharge project OK’d TNC

Supervisors study water grants idea | Local News Stories | bensonnews-sun.com

US-Mexico Study of San Pedro River a Binational First – Arizona Public Media

Findings improve the understanding of groundwater flow and how it’s connected between the U.S. and Mexican parts of the aquifer system in this basin. Future studies will use this information as a foundation to advance our knowledge of the hydrology of the binational aquifer. Further research is currently being planned, and ongoing studies are being conducted in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.

Crossing Borders for a Secure Water Future: US-Mexico San Pedro River Aquifer Report – ScienceBlog.com

SRP/CAP

Resolution Copper is/will be a major SRP customer

“The nature Conservancy has successfully implemented numerous conservation easements in partnership with BLM, Bureau of reclamation and Salt River Project. BLM lands are scattered and co-mingled with private lands.” http://www.audubon.org/important-bird-areas/lower-san-pedro-river

Gila River Water Storage: “Already, GRWS has struck several deals, including the sale of a renewable water supply to Resolution Copper for future mining operations in Superior. Those operations will be powered by SRP electricity.”  – See more at: http://srpconnect.com/water-powering-growth/#sthash.Ma4Ooq6B.dpuf

…30,000 acre-feet of its CAP water available under 100-year leases. This leased water retains

its “Indian priority”… http://www.gilawater.com/advantages/supplies.aspx

More info on GRWS:

http://srpconnect.com/water-powering-growth/

http://gilawater.com/assets/img/GRWS_brochure.pdf

Resolution Copper’s water purchases: “Purchasing and banking began in 2006 and will continue as long as CAP has excess water available.” RTandWater.pdf

“SRP wants the federal government to get the water rights it wants, because that decision would help them secure the water rights in the northern part of the state like the Verde area” (Source).

Water rights adjudication involving SRP, ASARCO, GRIC https://repository.asu.edu/attachments/56576/content/Killoren_asu_0010E_10599.pdf

Western Governors’ Drought Forum sponsored by SRP, Walton Family Foundation, Resolution Copper, others

SRP/Nature Conservancy-Donation of over $100,000 www.nature.org/media/arizona/ar_2006_web.pdf

Recharge Efforts Raise Groundwater Levels in Cochise County – AZPM
“The Nature Conservancy purchased land for one of the recharge areas and then gave it to Cochise County.
The project directs runoff and treated effluent from Sierra Vista and other areas to the recharge areas.
That water then ends up in the aquifer, where it can then be used for municipal water supply or to naturally help flows in the San Pedro River.”

Border

Will wall stop resilient San Pedro River from crossing the border? | Arizona Sonora News Service